by: Bruce Stutz
Summary: Veronique Carola
Today we are shifting from the ideology of mitigating carbon dioxide emissions to mostly making adaptation to climate changes a main priority for affected communities. With the rate of continuing C0² emission around the world, expectations that we could keep atmospheric C0² levels below the acceptable rate of 450 parts per million and global warming rate below 2º Celsius, has deviated some-what. In realising such, adaptation to climatic changes seems the next best option.
Adaptation measures would mean countries have to be prepared to deal with issues such as water scarcity, rising sea-level, the spread of diseases and the complication of preserving biodiversity. It is expected that wet regions will become wetter and dry regions drier which carries grave implications for agricultural productivity. ‘The key to coping would be to make farming as resilient as possible’, it is said.
Low lying countries are already suffering with sea-level rise. Coastlines that have been greatly altered over the century through development and agriculture surely have a weakened resistance to flooding and erosion, a fact that will be most prominent during storm surges. Restoration of mangrove ecosystems is one alternative to curb impacts.
Water borne diseases will be a major problem with areas likely to experience wetter seasons, and so are the regions likely to experience more flooding and contamination of water supplies. Studies at understanding the changes expected are best to be taken seriously, especially since these help us understand the options and identify the vulnerabilities.